High Fat, Low Carb:
The ketogenic diet is characterized by high fat intake, moderate protein consumption, and very low carbohydrate intake.
By limiting carbs, the body enters a state called ketosis, where it burns fat for energy instead of carbohydrates.
Fat as Fuel:
Fats are the primary energy source, broken down into ketones in the liver and used by the body and brain.
Carbohydrates are severely restricted, often to around 20-50 grams per day, forcing the body to find alternative energy sources.
Ketosis promotes weight loss by increasing fat breakdown and reducing insulin levels, leading to more efficient fat burning.
Reduced Blood Sugar:
Carb limitation can help stabilize blood sugar levels, potentially benefiting individuals with diabetes or insulin resistance.
High fat and protein intake can help control appetite and reduce overall food consumption.
Possible Health Benefits:
Some studies suggest the keto diet may aid epilepsy management, improve insulin sensitivity, and assist with certain neurological conditions.
Challenges and Considerations:
Keto flu during transition, nutrient deficiencies, and the need for careful meal planning are important factors to consider before starting the diet.